The Caspian horse is a purebred ancient breed that is developed thousands of years ago. Its country of origin is Iran and there it is also known as Mouleki or Pouseki which means little muzzle. It is considered to be one of the oldest horse breeds and the most direct ancestor of the Oriental breeds, which includes the Arabian and Thoroughbred horse.
There are evidences that they existed during the Persian Empire in the first millennium B.C. The period was described as The First Great Road Empire and Persian couriers as the waster travelers in the world. Persians bred horses for transport, especially for their strength and speed. Toy of small horses with chariot and a votive offering were found in the Oxus Treasure that resembles to the Caspian horse.
There are also evidence of this horse between Baghdad and Tehran. In Hamadan were found skeletons with same bone structure as the Caspians, but their virtual history disappears when libraries and monuments were destroyed in the great Mongol and Islamic conquest.Until 1965 it was thought that the breed is extinct for over 1000 years, when it was rediscovered by Louise Firouz.
She was born in America but lived in Iran and dedicated her life as a breeder for the Iranian horses. Once, when she was researching for ponies in a small town on the coast of the Caspian Sea- Amol, she spotted a bay stallion. Not a pony, but a small well bred oriental horse and from then, when she purchased the horse and named him Ostad, started a new history of a valuable breed.
The Iranian studbook was opened in 1966 and a Royal Horse Society was established in 1973. Horses of the breed were spread to UK, North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Today Breed Societies are associated to the International Caspian Stud Book.Because of their ancient bloodlines, they have few distinctive features that sets them apart from other horse breeds the head is wider than in other breeds the shoulder bone is wider the forelimb bones are longer and slimmer compared to the horses height the bony structure that is protecting the brain skull has pronounced elevation of the inter- parietal bones and possess no parietal crest the hooves are narrow and oval shaped and usually dont need to be shod they possess and extra tooth on each side where a wolf tooth would normally be etc.
The Caspian horse has a slightly concave, short head with vaulted forehead almond-shaped, large and dark eyes large, low-set nostrils short, turned in ears, small, fine muzzle and fine, thin skin. The neck is prominent, slim and gracefully arched. Shoulders are long and sloped withers are pronounced body is slim with deep girth back is straight hindquarters are powerful, well defined and proportioned legs are slim but strong with no feathering on the fetlocks and the tail is set high. The hooves are oval shaped and extremely strong, which means that these horses are rarely shod, regardless to the extreme conditions, only when are constantly working on very hard and sound ground.
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