The Azteca horse breed is developed in Mexico in 1972, so its country of origin is Mexico. Later many horses were spread all around the United States and by adding American Paint Horse bloodline, a subtype, called American Azteca was founded.
The main goal of the Mexican breeders was to produce a perfect horse for the traditional horseman in Mexico, called charros so that they can ride an elegant horse, which is also ideal for performance. Charros needed a flashy horse with a certain height, thus can take down a bull by its tail calm for roping, yet be agile quick and strong enough for reining.
Initially, a crossbreed between imported Spanish Andalusian, American Quarter and Argentinean Criollo were used to produce a horse breed that will be a national breed of Mexico. The first Azteca stallion was named Casarejo and he was foaled in 1972 as a cross between an Andalusian stallion and a Quarter Horse Mare. The President of the house of Domecq, Don Antonio Ariza, together with the help of many others, worked in Texcoco on developing this horse breed.
The efforts were successful and in 1982 the Mexican Department of Agriculture granted official registry to the Azteca breed. The original breed registry that was formed in 1972 is still marinating and is called the Mexican Breeders Association for the Azteca Horse. There are certain inspection standards that have to be met by a horse to be registered into the studbook. By adding 1000 horses per year in Mexico, as of today, the studbook has registered approximately 15000 Azteca horses.
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