Appaloosa is one of the most famous horse breeds in the United States and in the world. They are one of a kind, especially for their colorful coat, which makes them distinct from other breeds and is their signature characteristic.
They are first horses from which all other horses originate. The white sclera of the eyes, striped hooves and mottled skin are other distinguishing features. The admiration for unique things is known from a long time ago. Thus on the walls of caves in 18,000 BC were found fascinating images of animals with spots and unusual coat patterns.
There are different beliefs on how spotted horses arrived in the New World for the first time. Some believe that they first arrived in the 16th century with Spanish Conquistadors and explorers and others think that they came later with Russian fur-traders. The Nez Perce, which means - The People - is a tribe of Native Americans those who lived in Idaho and in the region of Washington admired spotted horses and prized them highly.
They bred only the best mares and stallions by using selective breeding. The horses of this tribe got wide popularity in the 1800s. These spotted horses were called - Palouse horse - named for the river that runs thru that area they were brave, strong and with powerful stamina. Over time, the - Palousey horse - was renamed into the name we recognize it today, Appaloosa.
One of the worlds most successful horse clubs today - Appaloosa Horse Club was formed in the 1938 and its goal was to improve the breed, protect its past, present and future. The most impressive feature is the coat that comes in dizzying combinations of colors base colors include bay, black, palomino, chestnut, buskin, dun and can be in several patterns. You cant find two Appaloosas exactly alike.
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